Four bulky folders, each bearing her son’s name, hold dozens of documents and photographs from a case that the Supreme Court shelved in December 2009. Eulogia Guzmán remembers that time as if it were yesterday. She has never spoken to a journalist about what occurred, and nobody has ever come to Layme to hear her story.
Now, following a six-year review, the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights (IACHR) could give the case—the first of obstetric violence it has considered—new impetus through the final report it will present to the Peruvian government.
Even though one of the accused admitted negligence and offered an out-of-court settlement of 4000 soles, the legal process for all four—the obstetrician Marina Aguilar, the nurse Gladys Limachi, and the doctors Alberto Zamalloa and Juan Carlos Pelaeza—ended in acquittal. The IACHR report will make conclusions and recommendations to the state for redress and to set new standards in cases of obstetric violence. “If the Peruvian State does not comply, the commission then sends the case to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, where other justice and compensation measures can be ordered for Eulogia,” explains Gabriela Oporto, the lawyer from the feminist organization Promsex in charge of the case.